005_Global12_InBox_V5

Global issue 12

Inbox VITAL STATISTICS Behind the numbers Full stomachs and empty plates The contrast between surplus and subsistence around the world is most sharply delineated in the everyday availability of food. Some regions can count on plentiful supplies, but others feel the consequences of erratic weather and unequal distribution more directly North America, Europe and Central Asia are the world’s most food Democratic Republic of Congo fi nishing at the bottom of the overall secure regions, while other parts of the world show varying degrees of index. The accepted average daily requirement is 2,300 calories but insecurity, according to the Global Food Security Index 2012 prepared by people living in least developed countries (LDCs) typically consume the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). around 1,100 calories a day. Cereal yields in LDCs are approximately one The index assesses food affordability, availability and quality. Erratic third of those achieved by developed countries. weather, rising food costs and rapidly expanding populations continue to In Haiti, where 80 percent of the population is living below the global put pressure on the world’s existing food management systems. poverty line, widespread deforestation and frequent natural disasters Sub-Saharan Africa is the least food secure region, with the have meant that much of the population is dependent on food aid. Overall score Extreme poverty, rising food prices and erratic With no weather patterns agricultural have combined to infrastructure make Cambodia and increasing rank lowest in poverty, Haiti is the East Asia and largely dependent Pacifi c region The USA ranks on foreign aid highest in the world for food security With excellent nutritional Score 0-100, 100=best environment Poverty, high prices and standards and food safety,  Score 68.8 to 89.5 poor food supply mean that Chile is the most food secure  Score 51.1 to 68.7 the Democratic Republic country in Latin America and  Score 35.2 to 51.0 of Congo is the least food ranks 30th worldwide  Score 18.4 to 35.1 secure country in the world Countries are grouped in quartiles, so that the best scoring 25% (i.e. the top 26 countries) are placed in the fi rst group (‘Best environment’), the next 25% are placed in the sec- ond group, the next 25% are placed in the third group and the worst scoring 25% are placed in the fourth group (‘Needs improvement’). Where countries have equal scores, the number of countries in each group will not always be exactly the same because of the ties. Best environment Good environment Regional food security Score 68.8 to 89.5 Score 51.1 to 68.7 100 USA ................................89.5 Saudi Arabia ...................68.7 90 83.185.5  AvailabilityAffordability90.5TOP TOP MIDDLE MIDDLE 80 73.3 73.9  Quality & safety Spain ..............................81.2 South Africa ....................61.7 70 68.2 Slovakia .........................68.8 Kazakhstan ....................51.1 60 55.151.8 51 51 55.758.560.161.760.3BOTTOM BOTTOM score/100 50 43.943.9 Moderate environment Needs improvement 37.7 Score 35.2 to 51.0 Score 18.4 to 35.1 40 34.5 33.8 TOP TOP 30 25.9 Jordan ............................50.6 Nigeria............................34.8 20 India ...............................45.0 Niger ..............................29.2 10MIDDLE MIDDLE BOTTOM BOTTOM 0 Nepal ..............................35.2 DRC ................................18.4 America Central Asia East Asia & Latin America Middle East & South Asia Sub-SaharanAfricaNorth Africa& CaribbeanPacifi cEurope &North Source: EIU Calculation Region global fourth quarter 2012 www.global-briefing.org l5


Global issue 12
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