055_Global12_InFocus_IndiainAfrica_V6

Global issue 12

In FocusIndia in Africa plans to spend $2.5 billion on millions of Mind the gap According to Raj Verma, Africa should hectares of land in East Africa, to grow pro- Africa’s positive export balance with India cooperate with India in other areas. “Anoth- duce such as maize, palm oil and rice for er sector where Africa can benefi t tremen- export, mainly to India. dously is health care and pharmaceuticals, Another sector in which Africa could where the Indian government and private particularly benefi t from cooperation with enterprises can be major players. India also India is in its burgeoning ICT sector. “India provides a different model of development can rightly claim that it has an edge over – a model of pluralistic, multicultural, demo- other developing countries in education, in- cratic set-up that suits the African countries prises,” says Raj Verma. “It can impact Af- bn and tribal divisions,” he says.Finally, the fact that India has a lengthy $13.2with their myriad ethnic, linguistic, religiousAfrica’s Indian imports formation and technology, and technology for tailor-made small and medium enter- rican development through technology and history of economic ties to the African con- der the aegis of NEPAD New Partnership bn recognised in any economic analysis of In-of a signifi cant Indian diaspora, should be$18.8tinent, which has resulted in the evolutionIndia’s African imports skills transfer, leading to human capital for- mation or human resource development un- for Africa’s Development rather than just dia–Africa relations. However, some experts providing fi nancial aid and extended lines argue that the relevance of the diaspora in of credit. For instance in Uganda, Indian defi ning economic ties will be limited in the technology led to nearly three times more future. “Indians investing in Africa are not electricity being generated – from 300 MW associating themselves with Indian Africans to 1,000 MW – than had been planned at the so much. Indian businesses are not necessar- Karuma project,” he adds. ily looking for partners of Asian descent on Moreover, India’s Indian Technical and the continent. They are just looking for good Economic Cooperation (ITEC) programme Source: African Development Bank business partners,” says Dr Vines. is a particularly useful framework in which side countries like the United States, and To conclude, India’s relationship with ICT skills transfer can take place. The ITEC the industry is expected to be worth $1 bil- Africa, like the continent’s relationship programme has been under way since 1964, lion by the end of the decade. In Africa, the with China, has its opportunities and ca- focusing on training, specifi c projects, dep- high demand for further education and the veats. But the nature of those potential utation of Indian experts abroad, study tours rapid growth in Internet penetration cou- benefi ts and drawbacks are not identical. of areas that have a particularly promising industry has, to some extent, already taken Credit: Kevin Lawver CC BY SA – 2.0African,African Businessuni25CFand contributor toTherefore, the economic relations betweenIndia and Africa should be approached onits own terms, and its uniqueness should berecognised.pled with the lack of skilled teachers andteaching infrastructure means that the con-ditions are ideal for large-scale growth ofInternet-based courses. In South Africa, theNet and Thutong. African countries, moreOne area of ICT that could be of par- and donating of equipment – for example, ITEC has provided 1,350 Ghanaians with training in India. Across the continent, the programme is proving benefi cial in a range outlook in Africa. off, with the launching of fi rms like Edu- Sherelle Jacobs is a freelance journalist ticular benefi t to Africa is online education. widely, should seize the opportunity to tap Banker and theFinancial Times (UK) India is a world leader in this fi eld, along- into India’s expertise in the industry. globalfourth quarter 2012 www.global-briefing.org l55


Global issue 12
To see the actual publication please follow the link above