010_Global12_InBox_V5

Global issue 12

Inbox The two Sudans re-engage in search of a deal Islamic art on permanent view at the Louvre On 22 September, the Louvre museum in Paris opened for public view a new wing dedicated to Islamic art. Partly funded by the French government, the €100 million gallery was also supported by endowments from Saudi Arabia, Morocco, Kuwait, Oman and Azerbaijan. About 3,000 works from throughout the Islamic world, dating from the 7th to the 19th century, are displayed across 3,000 square metres on two floors of the former royal palace. The biggest single donor is Prince Al- waleed bin Talal of Saudi Arabia. “Since 9/11, it is the duty of all Muslims to explain to the West what real Islam is like and how The two sides have established terms for the resumption of oil production and other forms of trade peaceful the religion is,” he told the BBC. Partial settlement of some of the wide dif- rel for transporting its oil and about $3 billion France is home to at least 4 million Mus- ferences between Sudan and South Sudan in compensation for the loss of Sudan’s former lims. The opening coincided with the wave was reached after several rounds of intensive oil production resulting from the south’s seces- of demonstrations across the Muslim world negotiations in the Ethiopian capital, Addis sion in July 2011. A mechanism to avoid fur- against an anti-Islamic video made in the Ababa, during September. As a result, there ther disputes has been established. At the same USA and cartoons depicting the Prophet is now a possibility that South Sudan might time, the two countries will set up a joint cen- Muhammad in the French satirical maga- resume its oil production by the end of 2012, tral bank committee to allow for bank transfers zineCharlie Hebdo. On 21 September, the after a suspension lasting almost a year that between them, while central banks will coop- French government banned all demonstra- has impacted heavily on government revenue. erate on monetary policy and exchange rates. tions in the interest of public safety. There had been fighting between the two However, negotiations were deferred countries in April along the disputed border over the actual delineation of the 1,800 Maldives arrest in the wake of a quarrel over the amounts that km common border, and especially in the South Sudan should pay for the use of north- area of the disputed Abyei region, which is controversy ern oil pipelines. Subsequently, Sudan insist- a potential flashpoint. The African Union ed that South Sudan agree to tough security has produced a plan for a resolution of the Police in the Maldives on 8 October arrest- guarantees, while the government in Juba al- Abyei disagreement, involving recognition ed former President Mohamed Nasheed, leged that Sudan was backing southern rebels of the historic rights to resources of the who had been compelled to resign from of- with supplies of weapons and ammunition. different ethnic groups living in the area fice under pressure from the security forces The two sides have now agreed that there and joint policing. A local referendum has in February. He faces several charges, in- should be a demilitarised buffer zone along been proposed to determine whether Abyei cluding having bottles of liquor in his presi- the de facto border and also established terms should be in Sudan or South Sudan but the dential residence and inciting violence. His for the resumption of oil production and other principal differences between the two sides political party alleges that the arrest is de- forms of trade. The agreement over oil requires have been over who would be eligible to signed to prevent him from campaigning South Sudan to pay Sudan around $10 per bar- vote. for the next elections, due in 2013. Mozambique’s long-term prospects enhanced The discovery of offshore reserves of natural stream products or electricity. education and jobs. gas amounting to at least 100 trillion cubic Energy minister Salvador Namburete Africa’s Pulse, a twice-yearly report feet has changed the long-term economic has warned that the gas may take many published by the World Bank, emphasises outlook for Mozambique, previously con- years to develop and that the benefits the need for such countries to establish sidered one of the poorest countries in Af- will arrive only in the medium and long proper institutions to manage resource rica. It has also greatly enhanced the value of term. As in other resource-rich countries, rents. “Where governments are heavily the companies investing in the exploration experts say the benefits of resulting eco- dependent on resource rents for revenues, effort, but there is uncertainty about how nomic growth may not reach the poorest and not on direct taxation of citizens, the much of the gas should be exported and to people unless the government makes a accountability chain between citizens and what extent it could be converted into down- conscious choice to invest in better health, governments can be weak,” it emphasises. 10 lwww.global-briefing.org fourth quarter 2012global


Global issue 12
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