008_Global12_InBox_V5

Global issue 12

Inbox ELECTION WATCH Key polls around the world Mexico to secure an absolute majority with 36.7 turning up to cast their ballots. The NAF The general election of percent of votes and 30 seats, just short and its allies won 39 seats, while its main 1 July produced a vic- of the 33 needed to win, and formed a rival, the Muslim Brotherhood’s Justice tory for Enrique Peña coalition with two smaller parties. The and Construction party, won 17. The elec- Nieto and the formerly opposition Fretilin party took 25 seats tion marked a turning point for the active dominant Institutional Revolutionary and 29.9 percent of the votes. The elec- and public involvement of women in Lib- Party (PRI), which had spent 12 years in tions were the last to be held before the yan politics, with 33 gaining seats in the opposition. Peña Nieto, formerly governor UN’s scheduled departure in December assembly. The formation of a government of the State of Mexico, replaces President 2012. took some time, with Dr Mustafa Abush- Felipe Calderón of the conservative Na- agur at fi rst appointed and then dismissed tional Action Party (PAN), after winning as prime minister. with 38 percent of the vote, 6.6 percent Papua New Guinea ahead of his nearest rival, the leftist Andrés After a year of dispute Manuel López Obrador. Josefi na Vázquez between two prime Republic of Congo Mota, the PAN candidate, came in third ministers, two heads Two rounds of elec- position, signifi cantly behind the other of the armed forces tions, on 15 July and 5 two. Turnout reached record levels with 63 and two chiefs of police, all simultane- August, saw the ruling percent of eligible voters casting their bal- ously claiming authority, controversial party of President Denis lots. The victory margin was smaller than and sometimes violent elections eventu- Sassou Nguesso, the Congolese Labour pre-election opinion polls indicated, and ally took place from 23 June to 6 July, Party, retain power by winning a total of 89 the PRI and its Green allies failed to win with an extension for the Eastern High- of the 136 seats, with allied independents a majority in either chamber of legislature. land province where polling ran on to 17 gaining 12 seats, while the main opposition Due to take offi ce in December, Peña Ni- July. Peter O’Neill had taken on the role of Pan-African Union for Social Democracy eto intends to reform labour laws and open prime minister in August 2011 following won seven seats. There were some concerns up the state oil company Pemex to private a parliamentary vote, taking over from Sir about the freedom of the elections, with op- investment. Michael Somare who was recovering from position parties complaining of lack of ac- ill health but did not recognise O’Neill’s cess to state media during campaigning and authority. Attended by Commonwealth about the very low turnout at a number of Senegal observers, the elections produced a ne- polling stations. Following Senegal’s gotiated political reconciliation between presidential elections the two men and their parties. O’Neill’s in March, legislative People’s National Congress won 27 of the Angola elections took place on 111 seats, not enough to win a majority, Angola’s second par- 1 July, with another victory for new Presi- but agreed to form a coalition government liamentary elections dent Macky Sall’s Benno Bokk Yakaar with Somare’s National Alliance Party, since the end of the coalition, which won 119 of the 150 which won seven seats. civil war in 2002, held seats in parliament. There was, however, on 31 August, gave victory to the ruling a low turnout of only 37 percent of vot- People’s Movement for the Liberation of ers. Former President Abdoulaye Wade’s Libya Angola (MPLA) with 71.8 percent of the Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS) won In the country’s fi rst vote, winning 175 out of 220 seats. The re- only 12 seats. However, 64 of the new leg- democratic election sults returned long-serving President José islators are women, thanks to a new law for many years, held Eduardo dos Santos to power, retaining requiring parties to ensure gender equality on 7 July, the moder- the position he has held since 1979. The on their lists of candidates. ate National Forces Alliance (NAF), led opposition National Union for the Total by Mahmoud Jibril, took a leading po- Independence of Angola (UNITA) won sition, defying the predicted success of 18.7 percent of the vote and 32 seats. The East Timor the Muslim Brotherhood. Jibril defected election was the fi rst held under the new Parliamentary elec- from Muammar Qadhafi ’s regime during constitution abolishing direct presiden- tions were held on 7 last year’s revolution to lead the National tial elections. UNITA expressed concerns July, the third such Transitional Council and act as the coun- about a lack of transparency, particular- occasion since East try’s interim prime minister. The elec- ly with regard to registration of voters. Timor (Timor-Leste) gained independ- tion saw more than 100 parties compet- President dos Santos was sworn in on 26 ence in 2002. Prime Minister Xanana ing, many of them formed only in recent September for a term of fi ve years, with Gusmao’s National Congress for Timor- months. It also experienced a high turn- Manuel Vicente, a former head of the So- ese Reconstruction (CNRT) party failed out with 62 percent of registered voters nangol oil company, as vice-president. 8 lwww.global-briefing.org fourth quarter 2012global


Global issue 12
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